BISMIL WHIPLASH AUDIT
Whiplash is a poorly defined clinical entity...
In our 1000 case audit (peer reviewed publication by the RSM Press) the consistent clinical features were:
1. acceleration-deceleration injury to the cervical spine
2. with reduced range of cervical spine movement neck
3. and dysfunction of the trapezius muscle, fascia and/or enthesis.
We suggest this definition is a key to the logical and evidence-based management and assessment of whiplash injuries.